Frieze of Angels, detail of papier-mâché elements

Papier-mâché

In 1903, Sargent began using papier-mâché to replace plaster as a relief material. Papier-mâché is easier to create than plaster, lighter weight, and less likely to break during installation. Sargent made the angels’ halos, wings, and instruments of the Passion out of papier-mâché for Frieze of Angels, installed in 1916. He continued to use papier-mâché in subsequent mural installations, although to a lesser degree.
Frieze of Angels,
detail of papier-mâché relief elements
(1999 photo)
The Triumph of Religion